A complete lowdown on how to choose your cleansers and other skincare products
5/11/2018 6:05:32 PM
|written By : Jamuna Pai|
I am 21 years old and I have recently noticed dark spots on my skin. What should I do about them?
The dark spots that you mention could either be pigmentation patches or ‘freckles’ interspersed with acne scars. It is not possible to tell what it could be without examining the skin.
In either case, use a good sunblock at least two to three times a day, take supplements of anti-oxidants, Vitamin C, and folic acid. Lightening creams and chemical peels do help. Avoid sunlight, eat deep-coloured fruits and lots of vegetables. Use lightening creams with berry extracts, arbutin, Vitamin C and glycolic acid which is an extract of sugarcane juice. Visit a dermatologist who will help you solve this problem with the help of skin brightening peels as well as other skin rejuvenating treatments.
You can start using topical creams which have skin lightening ingredients like Kojic Acid, Vitamin C, Azelaic acid or even Hydroquinone (2 per cent). But these medicated products have to be used under proper medical supervision and strict sun protection or it may cause more damage to
Is there any rule to using cleansers – should I use a stronger cleanser in the evening and a more gentle cleanser in the morning?
No matter what type of skin you have, and whether it is the morning routine or night, choosing the right cleanser is key to maintaining the protective layer and nutrition of your skin. Make sure you avoid soap totally. Use a soap-free cleanser to wash your face.
Cleansing helps in removing the dust, dirt and excessive sebum from the face, hence when not done properly it leads to bacteria build-up and eventually skin can break out. The basic role of a cleanser should be to ‘clean’ the skin without making the skin feel dry.
As you sleep, your skin recovers overnight. This means in the morning you have more dead skin cells to slough off. Rinsing your face only with water will not be sufficient. You need a cleanser or face wash to dislodge the dead cells and emulsify the excess sebum which had collected at night.
During the day, your skin collects excess sebum (oil), dead skin cells and pollution. Not to mention make-up. A cleanser will emulsify all of these and remove them from the surface of your skin. Always use a make-up remover before going to bed. Don’t substitute a cleanser for a make-up remover. Use a cleansing milk to clean your face at bedtime.
The market is filled with so many branded products for various skincare problems. How does one choose from the various options availabe?
I notice a common mistake that people make is following the belief that ‘one size fits all’, sadly for the skin too. This should not be the case. If a particular brand product compliments person A, it is not necessarily going to be the best option for person B too, even if they are from the same family. Each individual has a different skin type with a specific requirement as per his or her age, climatic demands, problem faced (if any) and hormonal changes.
It is best to have a customised approach to skin care dedicated to one’s own self. This can be best done on the advice of a dermatologist who will examine the skin and recommend the products best suited for your skin type and concerns.